A look at some of the world’s worst human disasters

Police fired tear gas after riots broke out at an Indonesian football match in East Java province when Persebaya Surabaya defeated Arema Malang 3-2. Panic and a rush to the exit killed more than 170 people, most of whom were trampled, police said on Sunday.

Here’s a look at some of the major mass disasters in recent decades:

Dec 3, 1979 — Eleven people are killed as thousands of fans rush to attend a The Who concert at Riverfront Coliseum in Cincinnati.

January 20, 1980 — A temporary four-story wooden stadium collapses during a bullfight in Sincelejo, Colombia, killing some 200 spectators.

October 20, 1982 — Sixty-six people die in the departure of fans leaving a UEFA Cup match between Spartak Moscow and Haarlem, Netherlands, at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow.

May 28, 1985 — Thirty-nine people died in fan violence during the 1985 European Cup final between Liverpool and Juventus at the Heysel Stadium in Brussels.

March 13, 1988 — Ninety-three people are killed when thousands of football fans storm the closed stadium exits to escape a sudden hail storm in Kathmandu, Nepal.

Apr 15, 1989 — At the crowded Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England, 97 people are killed and hundreds injured in a crowd of fans. One victim died in 2021 of aspiration pneumonia, to which he had remained vulnerable from injuries from the disaster.

July 2, 1990 — During the annual hajj in Saudi Arabia, 1,426 Muslim pilgrims, mostly from Asia, die in and around a long pedestrian tunnel leading from Mecca to Mina.

January 13, 1991 — Forty-two people are killed as fans try to escape brawl at South Africa’s Oppenheimer Stadium.

May 23, 1994 — A mob of pilgrims on the Hajj leaves 270 Muslim pilgrims dead.

Nov 23, 1994 — A panicked crush during a political protest in Nagpur, India, kills 113.

October 16, 1996 — Eighty-four people die and 147 are injured as panicked fans are crushed and choked before a World Cup qualifier between Guatemala and Costa Rica in Guatemala City.

Apr 9, 1998 — A crowd of pilgrims on a bridge in Mecca leaves 118 Hajj pilgrims dead.

Apr 11, 2001 — At least 43 people were crushed to death at a football match at Ellis Park in Johannesburg, South Africa.

May 9, 2001 — More than 120 people are killed when police fire tear gas at the rowdy crowd at a stadium in the Ghanaian capital Accra, sparking panic.

February 17, 2003 — Twenty-one are crushed to death in the stairway exit to E2, a Chicago nightclub.

February 20, 2003 — Stage fireworks at a Great White concert at Station nightclub in Warwick, Rhode Island, set off a fire that kills 100 people and injures more than 200 others.

February 1, 2004 — A panic during a hajj ritual at the Jamarat Bridge near Mecca kills 251 people.

January 25, 2005 — A panic among Hindu pilgrims near Mandhradevi Temple in Maharashtra, India, kills 265 people.

August 31, 2005 — At least 640 Shia Muslim pilgrims in Baghdad are killed when a bridge railing collapses during a religious procession, sending dozens of people pouring into the Tigris River.

January 12, 2006 — Panic among Muslim pilgrims during a hajj ceremony near Mecca kills 345 people.

February 4, 2006 — Seventy-eight people are killed in a panicked crush that occurred during a stampede at the PhilSports Arena in Manila, Philippines, while waiting to audition for a TV show.

September 30, 2008 — At least 168 people are killed and 100 injured when thousands of Hindu pilgrims are trapped in panic at a temple in Jodhpur, India.

July 24, 2010 — Twenty-one people die and more than 650 are injured in a crush in a crowded tunnel that was the sole gateway to the Love Parade music festival in Duisburg, Germany.

Nov 22, 2010 — More than 340 people are killed and hundreds more injured in a panicked crush at a festival in the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh.

January 27, 2013 — More than 200 people have died in a fire at the Kiss nightclub in Santa Maria, Brazil.

September 24, 2015 — At least 2,411 Muslim pilgrims die in an instant during Hajj in Saudi Arabia.

April 30, 2021 — Forty-five people are killed and dozens more injured in a panicked crush during the annual pilgrimage to Mount Meron in Israel.

Nov 5, 2021 — Fans of a music festival in Houston rush to the stage during a performance by rapper Travis Scott, sparking panic that left 10 dead and more injured.

October 1, 2022 — Police fire tear gas following riots following an Indonesian football match, triggering a stampede to the exit, leaving at least 174 dead and 100 injured.

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