THESE 4 UNESCO-listed Indian Railway Stations Will Leave You Awestruck


Indian Railways is the most preferred mode of transport as it is the most convenient, budget friendly and offers the best views of the country while traveling. Indian Railways excursions are an excellent way to learn about the country’s rich culture and heritage. While train travel allows passengers to experience an amalgamation of multiple cultures that emerge from deep historical routes, these years-built train stations are no less than architectural marvels built years ago and contribute to the country’s rich cultural heritage. Four Indian Railways train stations are on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

These railway stations are Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Kalka-Shimla Railway and Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway and Kalka-Shimla Railway fall under the Mountain Railways of India and have breathtaking views. Meanwhile, the famous Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, Mumbai stands as an excellent example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India.

Check out these architectural marvels of Indian Railways:

The Mountain Railways of India are prime examples of hill railways. Inaugurated between 1881 and 1908, they applied bold and ingenious engineering solutions to the problem of establishing an effective rail link across a mountainous terrain of great beauty. They are still fully operational as living examples of the engineering enterprise of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railways and Kalka Shimla Railway are under the Mountain Railways of India.

Darjeeling Himalayan Railway

The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway consists of 88.48 kilometers of 0.610 meters (2 ft) of track connecting New Jalpaiguri to Darjeeling, through Ghoom at an elevation of 2,258 meters. The innovative design includes six zigzag backs and three loops with a prevailing slope of 1:31. Six diesel locomotives provide most of the scheduled services, with daily tourist trains from Darjeeling to Ghum – India’s highest railway station – and the Red Panda steam train service from Darjeeling to Kurseong.

On December 2, 1999, UNESCO declared the DHR a World Heritage Site.

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Nilgiri Mountain Railways

Construction of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a 45.88-kilometer single-track single-track railway was first proposed in 1854, but due to the difficulty of its mountainous location, work did not begin until 1891 and was completed in 1908. railway, with a height of 326 meters to 2,203 meters, represents the latest technology of the time and uses a unique rack and pinion traction to overcome steep slopes. The railway line from Mettupalayam to Ooty is 45.88 km. long and lies partly in Coimbatore district and partly in Nilgiri district in Tamilnadu, on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats. Mettupalayam is located at the foothill with an elevation of about 330 meters and Udagamandalam (Ooty) is located on the plateau with an elevation of 2200 meters. The average slope of this line is about 1 in 24.5.

Kalka Shimla Railway

The Kalka Shimla Railway, a 96.6-kilometer single-track rail link built in the mid-19th century to serve the highland town of Shimla, is a symbol of the engineering and material efforts to disperse the mountain population via the railway. The world’s tallest multi-arch gallery bridge and the world’s longest tunnel (at the time of construction) of the KSR were testaments to the brilliant engineering skills applied to make this dream a reality.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus

Formerly known as Victoria Terminus Station, in Mumbai, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is an excellent example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, blending themes derived from Indian traditional architecture. Designed by the British architect, the building became the symbol of Bombay as the ‘Gothic City’ and India’s main international trading port. The terminal was built over 10 years, beginning in 1878, to a high Victorian Gothic design based on late medieval Italian models. The remarkable stone dome, turrets, pointed arches and eccentric floor plan are in keeping with traditional Indian palace architecture. It is an excellent example of the meeting of two cultures as British architects teamed up with Indian craftsmen to incorporate Indian architectural traditions and idioms to forge a new style unique to Bombay.





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